Critical Thinking

COURSE OUTLINE:

Description By learning the critical thinking strategies outlined within this book, you will make effective decisions based on careful evaluation, develop the best solutions to problems, identify key issues without getting sidetracked, and use critical thinking to write and speak with impact. It's easy to fall into 'thinking traps' such as emotional manipulation, deceptive reasoning and lazy thinking. This book will teach you how to identify and avoid these traps, and how to deal with them when you encounter them within yourself or your organization. You will also be introduced to different styles of critical thinking, and how each works to deepen your understanding of the facts and information you have.

Course Content


UNDERSTANDING CRITICAL VS. NON-CRITICAL THINKING

The Case for Critical Thinking
Recognizing Deceptive Reasoning
Detecting Emotional Manipulation
Styles of Non-Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking Styles
Becoming a Critical Thinker

RECOGNIZING AND EVALUATING ARGUMENTS

Defining Arguments
Step 1: Pinpointing Issues
Step 2: Identifying Arguments
Step 3: Seeking Clarity
Step 4: Understanding Context
Step 5: Finding Credibility
Step 6: Looking for Consistency
Step 7: Judging Arguments
Presenting Ideas Powerfully

DEVELOPING AND EVALUATING EXPLANATIONS

Explanations vs. Arguments
Formulating Explanations
Element 1: Gathering Information
Element 2: Processing Information
Element 3: Developing Hypotheses
Element 4: Testing Hypotheses
Asking Discovery Questions
Challenging Assumptions

APPENDIX

Reviewing What You've Learned
Author's Suggested Responses to the Exercises
Author's Suggested Responses to the Case Studies
Additional Reading