CompTIA IT Fundamentals



Gain an understanding of the core components that make up the information technology (IT) landscape while preparing for the CompTIA IT Fundamentals exam.

In this introductory course, you will learn the basics of computer hardware, software, mobile computing, networking, troubleshooting, and emerging technologies. You will learn about configuring operating systems, file and folder management, networks and network configuration, and the role of the OSI model in networking and troubleshooting. This course will also prepare you for the CompTIA IT Fundamentals certificate exam.

Through presentations, demonstrations, and knowledge-based exercises, you will gain a fundamental understanding of computer hardware, operating systems, computer application software, networking technologies and protocols, web browsers, identifying security risks, troubleshooting errors, and system maintenance. You will also learn about cutting-edge technologies such as cloud computing and virtualization.

Note: You will receive an exam voucher at the end of class so that you may take the exam at a later date.


CompTIA IT Fundamentals Certification


  • IT novices who need a broad, fundamental understanding of IT and who want to learn the basics of computers, computer software, mobile devices, networking, LANs and WANs, data storage, and how IT infrastructures are monitored and managed. Ideal candidates include:
  • Entry-level and newly hired technical professionals, including PC support, help desk, and networking professionals
  • Sales and marketing professionals looking to increase their ability to communicate with technical professionals and increase sales
  • Executives who seek better-informed decision making
  • Professionals seeking to prepare for the CompTIA IT Fundamentals Exam

Learning Objectives

  • Prepare a study plan for the CompTIA IT Fundamentals exam
  • Basic concepts in computer communication
  • Basic functions and components of computers
  • Common internal hardware components, including processors, storage devices, and RAM
  • Peripheral components such as displays, printers, keyboard and other input/output devices, along with the connectors they use
  • Basic types of software and considerations for installing, updating, and upgrading software
  • Standard operating system configuration options, file systems, and file and folder management tasks
  • Software applications and common file types
  • Mobile devices features, mobile operating systems, and working with mobile interfaces
  • Common network types, architectures, and topologies
  • Basic concepts in network communication, including the OSI reference model, IP addresses, and protocols
  • Common LAN and WAN technologies, transmission media, and protocols
  • Basic concepts and areas of information security, including authentication, encryption, and firewalls
  • Basic concepts and activities for maintaining, monitoring, and troubleshooting computer systems and networks
  • Future and developing technologies, such as virtualization, telepresence, and cloud computing

1. Introduction to Computers and Communications

  • Types of Computers
  • Computer Communications
  • Bits and Bytes
  • Transmission Media
  • Signals and Modulation
  • Section Review

2. Computer Hardware: Inside the Case

  • Why Is This Information Important?
  • Motherboard
  • Exercise: The Human Computer
  • Central Processing Unit
  • Random Access Memory
  • Internal Storage Devices
  • Motherboard Drive Connectors
  • Bus Expansion Cards
  • Computer Cooling Systems
  • Computer Power Supply
  • Section Review

3. Computer Hardware: Peripheral Devices

  • Why Is This Information Important?
  • Input Devices
  • Output Devices
  • Ports and Connectors
  • Removable Media
  • Network Storage
  • RAID
  • Section Review

4. Operating System Software

  • Why Is This Information Important?
  • What Is an Operating System?
  • Early Operating Systems
  • Modern Operating Systems
  • Mobile Operating Systems
  • Operating System Navigation
  • Using an OS: Controlling Programs
  • Using an OS: Screen Captures
  • Using an OS: Configure Accessibility
  • Basic OS Configuration
  • User Accounts
  • Computer File Systems
  • Working with File Managers
  • Installing and Upgrading an OS
  • Licensing and Registration
  • Updating an OS
  • Exercise: New Life for Old Laptops. Researching Linux Hardware Requirements
  • Section Review

5. Application Software

  • Why Is This Information Important?
  • Types of Application Software
  • File Name Extensions
  • Installing Application Software
  • Types of Software Licenses
  • Updating Software Applications
  • Upgrading Application Software
  • Uninstalling Software Applications
  • Exercise: Open Sesame. An Exercise in Matching File Types with Application Programs
  • Section Review

6. Mobile Computing

  • Why Is This Information Important?
  • Mobile Device Characteristics
  • Mobile OS: Android and Apple iOS
  • Mobile OS: Blackberry and Windows Phone
  • Interacting With Mobile Devices
  • Controlling with Gestures
  • Display Screen Settings
  • Lock Screens
  • Wireless Connectivity
  • Making Wi-Fi Connections
  • Making a Bluetooth Connection
  • Making an NFC Connection
  • Mobile Device Software
  • Data Synchronization
  • App Stores
  • Exercise: Examining Your Mobile Device
  • Section Review

7. Networks

  • Why Is This Information Important?
  • Network Resources
  • Types of Networks
  • Network Architectures
  • Network Topologies
  • Point-to-Point Topology
  • Physical Bus Topology
  • Ring Topology
  • Mesh Topology
  • Star Topology
  • Mixed Topology
  • Section Review

8. Network Communications

  • Why is This Information Important?
  • The Layered Approach to Networking
  • The OSI Networking Model
  • The Usefulness of Addressing
  • MAC Addresses
  • IP Addresses
  • Port Numbers
  • Domain Names
  • Name Resolution
  • Communications Protocols
  • Protocol Types
  • Exercise: What is My Address? An Exercise in Using the Command Window
  • Section Review

9. Local Area Networks

  • Why is this Information Important?
  • Ethernet LANs
  • Ethernet Hardware: NIC Card
  • Ethernet Hardware: Switches and Hubs
  • Ethernet Cabling
  • Other Network Hardware
  • Wireless LANs
  • Reducing LAN Collisions: CSMA/CA
  • Wi-Fi Hardware: Access Points
  • Wi-Fi Standards
  • WI-FI Security
  • Bluetooth Networking
  • Setting Up a SOHO Network
  • Section Review

10. Wide Area Networks

  • Why Is This Information Important?
  • Circuit-Switched WAN Solutions
  • Packet-Switched WAN  Solutions
  • The Internet
  • Internet Access Options
  • Internet Access: WiMax
  • Internet Access: Cellular Providers
  • Internet Access: Satellite
  • Summary of Data Connections
  • Section Review

11. Common Networking Protocols

  • Why Is This Information Important?
  • File Transfer Protocol
  • Email Protocols
  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol
  • Secure Sockets Layer
  • Domain Name System
  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
  • Telnet
  • Simple Network Management Protocol
  • Network Time Protocol
  • Exercise: Crossword Puzzle
  • Section Review

12. Information Security

  • CompTIA Objectives Covered in This Section
  • Why is This Information Important?
  • Information Security Overview
  • Threats and Vulnerabilities
  • Information Security Solutions
  • Exercise: Recognizing Secure Websites
  • Section Review

13. Maintaining Computers

  • Why is This Information Important?
  • Preventative Computer Maintenance
  • Surge Protection
  • Ergonomic Computing
  • Cleaning Computer Hardware
  • Maintaining Software
  • Backing-Up Data
  • Environmentally Friendly Computing
  • Reducing Energy Consumption
  • Disposal of Computer Equipment
  • Section Review

14. Troubleshooting Computers

  • Why is This Information Important?
  • Setting-Up a New Computer
  • Troubleshooting Computers
  • Common Errors and Problems
  • Computer Monitoring Tools
  • Researching Problems
  • Monitoring and Troubleshooting Networks
  • Exercise: Monitor This! An exercise in using Windows Task Manage and Ping
  • Section Review

15. New and Emerging Technologies

  • Why is This Information Important?
  • Virtualization
  • Cloud Computing
  • Cloud Based Services
  • Telepresence
  • Keeping Up With New Technology
  • Exercise: Researching a New Technology.
  • Section Review

16. Preparing for the IT Fundamentals Exam

  • CompTIA Certification Programs
  • Exam Information
  • Preparing For The Exam
  • Taking the Exam

Appendix A: CompTIA Objectives Mapped To Modules

Appendix B: IT Fundamentals Practice Exam / Answer Key

Appendix C: Pre and Post Test Answer Key

Appendix D: Module Review Answer Key

Appendix E: List of Acronyms